Taubach, view from Mellingen

Taubach, view from Mellingen

History of Taubach

The first mention of Taubach as Thovbeche took place in a deed of donation of the Noble Wichmann dated on the 16th April 1120.

You are here: home » contents of the history of Taubach » first authentic mention of Taubach

The first authentic mention

was served in a deed of donation by the Edle Wichmann (Noble Wichmann) as Thovbeche (Taubach) dated on the 16th April 1120(1; note: see line 10 there). Behind the "Noble Wichmann" is the Count Wichmann von Gleuß-Seeburg(2). Whose local county coverd the area between Naumburg and Weimar with the Buttelstedt court and the around 1085 donated convent of canons Saint Martin at Ettersburg (then Eyderesburc; the convent was later an Augustinian monastery)(3). Count Wichmann's wife was Cunigunde, one of the daughters of Louis the Springer (real Louis the Salian, hounor as builder of the Wartburg near Eisenach)(4), which also brought a farm "Kaltenborn" (yard at the cool (Kalten-) spring (-born), written as Chaldenborn, Caldenborn, Kaldenborn, Kaltenbrunnen too) into the marriage. The other two daughters of Ludwig were Cäcilia, who married Gerlach, Count of Waldensee, and Adelheid, whose marriage to Count Ulrich of Weimar-Orlamünde remained childless, which precipitated the Weimar War of Succession.(5, 6) The deed seals that Count Wichmann to the salvation of his wife Cunigunde and his father (Count Berno of Seeburg(8)) and his mother (Countess Adelheid of Gleuss(2)), among others, assigned 10 Hufes (1 Frankish land hufe (11,968 ha) ≈ 1 English yardland (12,1406 ha)) land and a mill in Taubach to his monastic foundation in Kaltenborn. In case of this document is Taubach the oldest certified mill site in Thuringia. The marriage of Count Wichmann and Cunigunde remained childless too; five years after Cunigunde died, Count Wichmann became a canon of the Ettersburg convent in 1123.(3) Duke Wilhelm Ernst of Saxe-Weimar let built the Jagdschloss (hunting lodge) Ettersburg in place of the convent in the years 1706 to 1712 as a three-winged, artless buildng.(8)

In the aforementioned document were mentioned the localities of Altenbeuthen(9) and Drognitz(10) (above the Hohenwarte reservoir), Dreitzsch(11) and Kospoda(12) (near Neusadt an der Orla), Lengefeld(13) and Neudörnfeld(14) (both are parts of the town of Blankenhain in the Weimarer Land district), Moderwitz(15) (part of the town of Neustadt an der Orla) and Rauschengesees (16) (part of the municipality of Remptendorf in the Saale-Orla district) for the first time.

On 07th August 1136, Emperor Lothar III confirmed in Osterode (in the Harz, now Lower Saxony) the Stift Kaltenborn, the estates to the bishopric of Halberstadt for the founding of an Augustinian convent of canons, which Count Wichmann had given, amongst others in the village Taubach eleven Hufes ("… in villa Doubeke XI mansos, …").(17)

Frederick I, named Barbarossa (the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, who has been waiting for the creation of a German central government in a cave in the Kyffhäuser mountain in Thuringia since 1190), exchanged land with the monastery of Kaltenborn in 1179. The 11 Hufes in Doubecka (Taubach), which Count Wichmann brought into his foundation, belonged to it and were transferred to the fief by Count Siegfried of Orlamünde.(18)


  1. ICARUS - International Centre for Archival Research, Wien
    Charter: Apparatus diplomaticus - Urkundenhauptbestand App. dipl. 43
  2. Manfred Becker
  3. Manfred Hiebl, Sauerlach
  4. Johann Wilhelm Storch
    Topographisch=historische Beschreibung der Stadt Eisenach, so wie der sie umgebenden Berge und Lustschlösser, insbesondere der Wartburg und Wilhelmsthal. nebst Regenten=Geschichte
    bei Johann Friedrich Bärecke, Eisenach, 1837
    Seite 336
  5. Stadt Apolda
    Apoldaer Schloss
  6. Dr. Eduard Gervais
    Politische Geschichte Deutschlands unter der Regierung der Kaiser Heinrich V. und Lothar III. Erster Theil. Kaiser Heinrich V.
    F.A. Brockhaus, Leipzig, 1841
    Dritter Abschnitt, Seiten 92 - 137
  7. Dr. Thomas A. Seidel
    Die Schlosskirche Ettersburg
  8. Peter Krause
    Schloss Ettersburg - Geschichte und Gegenwart
  9. Wikipedia
  10. Wikipedia
  11. Wikipedia
  12. Wikipedia
  13. Wikipedia
  14. Wikipedia
  15. Wikipedia
  16. Wikipedia
  17. Heinrich von Bünau
    Probe einer genauen und umständlichen teutschen Kaeyser= und Reichs = Historie, oder Leben und Thaten Friedrichs I. Roemischen Kaeysers
    Thomas Fritsch, Leipzig, 1722
    Seiten 427 - 429
  18. Heinrich von Bünau
    Probe einer genauen und umständlichen teutschen Kaeyser= und Reichs = Historie, oder Leben und Thaten Friedrichs I. Roemischen Kaeysers
    Thomas Fritsch, Leipzig, 1722
    Seiten 430 - 431

↑ top ↑